APIS Bibliography

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Sheppard LJ, Leith ID, Crossley A, van Dijk N, Fowler D, Sutton MA, Woods C. Stress responses of Calluna vulgaris to reduced and oxidised N applied under real world conditions. Environmental Pollution. 2008 ;154 (3):404-413.
Crossley A, Sheppard LJ, Cape JN, Smith RI, Harvey F. Stem growth reductions in mature Sitka spruce trees exposed to acid mist. Environmental Pollution. 1997 ;96:185-193.
Carreira JA, Harrison AF, Sheppard LJ, Woods C. Reduced soil P availability in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr) plantation induced by applied acid-mist: Significance in forest decline. Forest Ecology and Management . 1997 ;92:53-166.
Leith ID, Sheppard LJ, Fowler D, Cape JN, Jones MR, Crossley A, Hargreaves KJ, Tang YS, Theobald MR, Sutton MA. Quantifying dry NH3 release system to ombrotrophic bog from an automated NH3 field release system. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution: Focus. 2004 ;4:207-218.
Carfrae JA, Sheppard LJ, Raven JA, Leith ID, Crossley A. Potassium and phosphorus additions modify the response of Sphagnum capillifolium growing on a Scottish ombrotrophic bog to enhanced nitrogen deposition. Applied Geochemistry. 2007 ;22:1111–1121.
Sheppard LJ, Leith ID, van Dijk N, Leeson S, Mizunuma T, De Bakker R, Elustando DEV, Gomez HG. PK additions modify the effects of N dose and form on species composition, species litter chemistry and peat chemistry in a Scottish peatland. Biogeochemistry. 2013 ;116:39-53.
Manninen S, Woods C, Leith ID, Sheppard LJ. Physiological and morphological effects of long-term ammonium or nitrate deposition on green and red (shade and open grown) Sphagnum capillifolium. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2011 ;72:140-148.
Guerrieri R, Mencuccini M, Sheppard LJ, Saurer M, Perks MP, Levy P, Sutton MA, Borghetti M, Grace J. The legacy of enhanced N and S deposition as revealed by thecombined analysis of delta 13C, delta 18O and delta 15N in treerings. Global Change Biology. 2011 ;17:1946–1962.
Guerrieri R, Mencuccini M, Sheppard LJ, Saurer M, Perks MP, Levy P, Sutton MA, Borghetti M, Grace J. The legacy of enhanced N and S deposition as revealed by the combined analysis of δ13C, δ18O and δ15N in tree rings. Global Change Biology. 2011 ;17(5):1946-1962.
Deans JD, Leith ID, Sheppard LJ, Cape JN, D. F, Murry MB, Mason PA. The influence of acid rain mists on growth, dry matter partitioning, nutrient concentrations and mycorrhizal fruiting bodies in red spruce seedlings. New Phytologist . 1994 ;115:459-464.
Sheppard LJ, Leith ID, Mizunuma T, Leeson S, Kivimaki SK, Cape JN, van Dijk N, Leaver D, Sutton MA, Fowler D, et al. Inertia in an ombrotrophic bog ecosystem in response to nine years’ realistic perturbation by wet deposition of nitrogen, separated by form. Global change Biology . 2013 .
Phoenix GK, Emmett BA, Britton AJ, Caporn SJM, Dise NB, Helliwell R, Jones MLM, Leake JR, Leith ID, Sheppard LJ, et al. Impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition: responses of multiple plant and soil parameters across contrasting ecosystems in long-term field experiments. Global Change Biology. 2012 ;18:1197-1215.
Cape JN, van der Eerden LJ, Sheppard LJ, Leith ID, Sutton MA. Evidence for changing the critical level for ammonia. Environmental Pollution . 2009 ;157:1033-1037.
Poser SA, Ashmore MR, Cousins D, Sheppard LJ. Effects of N additions on the stress sensitivity of Calluna vulgaris. . New Phytologist. 1998 ;138:663-673.
Sheppard LJ, Crossley A, Harvey F, Parrington J, White CC. Early effects of acid mist on Sitka spruce planted on acid peat. Phyton (Horn Austria). 1998 ;39:1-25.
Sheppard LJ, Leith ID, Mizunuma T, Cape JN, Crossley A, S. L, Sutton MA, Fowler D, van Dijk N. Dry deposition of ammonia gas drives species change faster than wet deposition of ammonium ions: evidence from a long-term field manipulation. Global Change Biology. 2011 ;17 (12):3589-3607.
Pitcairn CER, D. F, Leith ID, Sheppard LJ, Tang YS, Sutton MA, D. F. Diagnostic indicators of elevated nitrogen deposition. Environmental Pollution. 2006 ;144.
Leith ID, Sheppard LJ, Pitcairn CER, Cape JN, Hill PW, Kennedy VH, Tang YS, Smith RI, D. F. Comparison of the effects of dry deposited N as NH3 with wet deposited N as NH4Cl on acid moorland vegetation. Water Air and Soil Pollution (In press). 2001 .
Limpens J, Sheppard LJ, Leith ID. Climatic modifiers of the response to N deposition in peat-forming Sphagnum mosses: a meta-analysis. New Phytologist. 2011 ;191:496-507.
Sheppard LJ. Causal mechanisms by which sulphate, nitrate and acidity influence frost hardiness in red spruce: review and hypothesis. New Phytologist. 1994 ;127:69-82.
Sheppard LJ, Crossley A, Leith ID, Hargreaves KJ, Carfrae J, van Dijk N, Cape JN, Sleep D, Fowler D, Raven JA. An Automated Wet Deposition System to Compare the Effects of Reduced and Oxidised N on Ombrotrophic Bog Species: Practical Considerations. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus. 2004 ;4 (6):197-205.