In November 2005 the European Commission launched a review of European legislation on industrial emissions. This led to the commission proposing an Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) on 21 December 2007. The Directive was ratified by the European Council on 8 November 2010 and came into force on 6 January 2011. In England and Wales the requirements of IED were transposed into legislation by The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2013 which were made on the 20 February and came into force on the 27 February. In Scotland and Northern Ireland IED was brought into effect by the Pollution Prevention Control (Scotland) Regulations 2012 and the Pollution Prevention and Control (Industrial Emissions) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2013.
Implementation will be carried out over several years starting from 7 January 2013 with full implementation by 1 January 2016.
- 7 January 2013 – IED will apply to all new installations
- 7 January 2014 – IED will apply to installations already in existence and regulated under the IPCC Directive before 6 January 2013 (except large combustion plants)
- 7 July 2015 – IED will apply to existing industrial activities with newly prescribed activities that are not subject to the current IPCC Directive
- 1 January 2016 – IED will apply to large combustion plants already in existence before 6 January 2013.
IED takes an integrated approach to industrial emissions. It brings seven separate directives into one:
- Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD)
- Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (IPPCD)
- Waste Incineration Directive (WID)
- Solvent Emissions Directive (SED)
- Three existing directives on titanium dioxide
The introduction of IED will lead to significant benefits to the environment and human health by reducing harmful industrial emissions across the EU, in particular through better application of best available techniques. There will be a number of changes including slight variations to the requirements of existing directives, new requirements on existing installations, regulation of additional installations and possible deregulation on some installations.