Acid deposition :: Freshwater Sponges

Latin name: 


Impact Type: Deposition of pollutant

Key Concerns:

There is evidence that acidification of fresh water has a negative effect on the growth and reproduction of various species of freshwater sponges from Germany and Norway (Kahlert & Neumann 1997, Okland & Okland 1996). However there is no published research available for Britain and Northern Ireland.

Additional Comments:


Critical Load/level: 

Critical Load/ Level

No estimate available


Dudley, N.; Stolton, S. 1996 Air pollution and biodiversity: a review
Kahlert, M.; Neumann, D. 1997 Early development of freshwater sponges under the influence of nitrite and pH. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie 137 69-81
Økland, K.A.; Økland, J. 1996 Freshwater sponges (Porifera: Spongillidae) of Norway: Distribution and ecology. Hydrobiologia 330 1-30

Species group: