N deposition :: Common Hair Cap Moss

Latin name: 

Polytrichum commune

Impact Type: Deposition of pollutant

Key Concerns:

In a forest experiment where Sitka spruce received 50 kg N ha-1 yr-1 as NH4NO3 there were no negative effects on the understory Polytrichum commune (Sheppard pers comm.). Generally this moss seems fairly tolerant of wet deposited N. An insitu experiment where 30 kg N ha-1 yr-1 was applied to a cutover bog in the Jura mountains on Switzerland (ambient deposition 15 kg N ha-1 yr-1 ) showed positive responses (+100%) in the growth of P.strictum for 3 years (Mitchell et al 2002). In this study P.strictum expanded at the expense of Sphagnum fallax.

P. jumperinum likewise tends to dominate communities suppressing lichens and other bryophytes in response to N, although additions >10 kg N ha-1 yr-1 inhibit nitrate reductase (Gordon et al 2001).

Additional Comments:

None 

Critical Load/level: 

Critical Load/ Level

No comparable habitat with established critical load estimate available

References: 

Leith, I.D.; Sheppard, L.J.; Pitcairn, C.E.R.; Cape, J.N.; Hill, P.W.; Kennedy, V.H.; Tang, Y.S.; Smith, R.I.; D., Fowler 2001 Comparison of the effects of dry deposited N as NH3 with wet deposited N as NH4Cl on acid moorland vegetation. Water Air and Soil Pollution (In press).

Species group: 

Pollutant: